Kolomenskoye today is a beautiful park, arranged over 390 hectares of land in the southern section of the city. The Kolomenskoye Estate features 19 cultural and historical monuments, of which eleven are of federal significance – and several are UNESCO-listed. The estate was built by Tsar Alexei Romanov – the second of the Romanov dynasty to rule Russia, and father of Tsar Peter the Great, who spent his youth there.
- The extraordinary palace of Tsar Alexei Romanov is a modern reconstruction, as the original was burnt down accidentally in a fire. It's appearance is in the so-called 'Terem' style – like a stylised chocolate- box. The original palace was considered one of the wonders of its age.
- The palace is licensed to carry out weddings – and does so.
- There are many strange legends about the Estate grounds – including that the Goose-Stone can convey great potency to men, and the Maidenhood Stone, which can help childless women to find happiness in motherhood.
- The grounds of today's Estate were inhabited even in the Stone Age. Archaeologists have made finds dating back to the 5th-3rd centuries BC.
- Local residents were living on the grounds of the estate even as late as the 1980s. They were descendants of the estate workers of Tsar Alexei's times. Eventually they were rehoused elsewhere.
- Since 2012, the Kolomenskoye Estate has hosted Russia's largest annual Honey Fair. Beekeepers from all over Russia take part.
The earliest village settlements appeared here in the 14th century. By the 17th century, Tsar Alexei Romanov made the estate his royal residence. It was the site of a marvellous wooden palace complex, as well as apple and pear orchards.
When Tsar Alexei's son, Peter the Great, relocated Russia's capital to St. Petersburg, the Kolomenskoye Estate fell into disuse.
There had been numerous churches and cathedrals on the estate, but they were all closed down after the Russian Revolution of 1917. However, a new role appeared for Kolomenskoye shortly afterwards.
The Estates at Kolomenskoye were rebuilt and restored prior to the Moscow Olympic Games of 1980. In 2010, a full-scale reproduction of Tsar Alexei's wonderful palace was rebuilt on the original site, following the original plans. The palace complex includes 26 towers, 270 rooms, and over 3,000 windows.
Today's Kolomenskoye Estate is a marvellous park, and a favourite spot for a walk – its countryside atmosphere is still within reach of Moscow's public transport system. There is always a good reason to visit – in autumn and winter there are exhibitions and museums to see, while in summer you can take a delightful stroll around the Estate.
What to see
- Ascension Church survived the blaze which destroyed the palace, and dates back to the 16th century – UNESCO-listed as a World Heritage monument, with connections to the birth of Tsar Ivan the Terrible.
- Kazan Church was built to house the Most-Holy Kazan Ikon of the Mother of God, which the Romanov dynasty especially venerated.
- The Church of St George The Victorious is famed for its 16th-century bell-tower.
- St Saviour's Gates – the entry to the park.
- The Yard of Richness was where traditional Russian drinks such as kvass and mead were brewed.
- Peter the Great's Hut – where the young Tsar lived for two months.
- The Palace of Tsar Alexei Romanov – considered a masterpiece of wooden architecture when it was built in the 17th century.
- Natural Wonders in the park include the ancient oak-trees, at least 600-700 years old; the avenue of lime trees; the Ash Grove, planted in the 19th century.
- The Apple Orchards attract many visitors in May, when the trees bloom
Guided Tour to Kolomenskoye Estate
You can book a tour in English on our website.